In the Bible, harvest time, during which the autumn crops were gathered, began with the Feast of Trumpets. On the first day of the seventh month by sacred year (Lev 23:24), the Israelites held a sacred assembly, blowing their trumpets in order to prepare for the Day of Atonement.
The Church of God celebrates the Feast of Trumpets in autumn according to the teachings of the New Vovenant, established by Jesus Christ at His first coming.
- Origin of the Feast
God commanded the Israelites to commemorate the Day of Atonement: the day when Moses received the new stone tablets, inscribed with the Ten Commandments, and came down from Mount Sinai. The Day of Atonement was to be celebrated every year so that the Israelites could remember this day and repent of their sins. They prepared for the Day of Atonement, in spirit and in truth, by blowing trumpets for ten days while repenting of their sins and abstaining from all unholy things.
Leviticus 23:23-25『The LORD said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. Do no regular work, but present an offering made to the LORD by fire.’”』
- Prophecy and Fulfillment
Everything written in the Old Testament is a shadow of the things to come. Similarly, this feast is also a shadow, testifying about the Advent Movement for Jesus’ Second Coming—1834 to 1844—led by William Miller. The ten days between the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement represent ten prophetical years (Eze 4:6). This ten-year-long movement fulfilled the prophecy of the Feast of Trumpets. It was the preparation for the Day of Atonement—October 22, 1844, the tenth day of the seventh month by sacred year—on which Jesus entered the Most Holy Place in heaven. As was shown through the fulfillment of the Feast of Trumpets, every prophecy disclosed in the seven feasts of three times will be fulfilled without fail.
Just as the people had loudly blown trumpets during the Feast of Trumpets, so there was a movement for Jesus’ second coming, recognized by the loud cries of preaching—the trumpet blasts. Beginning on the first day of the seventh month in 1844 (by sacred year), the people prayed together more earnestly to God. Jesus answered them by entering the Most Holy Place in heaven on October 22, 1844, the Day of Atonement—the tenth day of the seventh month by sacred year. God used William Miller and the Advent Movement to fulfill His prophecy. Thus, God unexpectedly accomplishes His will through people who do not realize or even perform His will. As it is written:
Luke 19:37-40『“I tell you,” he replied, “if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.”』
The movement was led by people who did not know of God’s feasts, but their work resulted in the fulfillment of the prophecy of the Feast of Trumpets. When we keep the Feast of Trumpets, with one mind and purpose, and pray earnestly to God for the ten days leading up to the Day of Atonement, our prayers will be presented before God as the smoke of incense (Rev 8:3-4). God will answer our prayers and lavish on us great blessings.